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Statistics and Facts of Ann Arbor Michigan

History
Ann Arbor was founded in January 1824 by John Allen and Elisha Rumsey, both of whom were land speculators. There are various accounts concerning the origin of the settlement's name; one states that Allen and Rumsey decided to name it "Annarbour" for their spouses, both named Ann, and for the stands of burr oak in the 640 acres (260 ha) of land they had purchased for $800 from the federal government. The regional Native Americans named the settlement Kaw-goosh-kaw-nick, after the sound of Allen's saw mill.

Ann Arbor became the seat of Washtenaw County in 1827, and was incorporated as a village in 1833. The Ann Arbor Land Company, a group of speculators, set aside 40 acres (16 ha) of undeveloped land and offered it to the State of Michigan as the site of the state capital, but lost the bid to Lansing. In 1837, the property was accepted instead as the site of the University of Michigan, forever linking Ann Arbor and its history with the university. The town became a regional transportation hub in 1839 with the arrival of the Michigan Central Railroad, and in 1851 Ann Arbor was chartered as a city.

During World War II, Ford Motor Company's nearby Willow Run plant turned out B-24 Liberator bombers. The population of Ann Arbor exploded with an influx of military personnel, war workers, and their families.

During the 1960s and 1970s, the city gained a reputation as an important center for liberal politics. Presidential candidate John F. Kennedy unveiled his Peace Corps proposal in 1960 at the University of Michigan, and President Lyndon B. Johnson first called for a "Great Society" as the university's commencement speaker in 1964. During the ensuing fifteen years, many countercultural and New Left enterprises sprang up and developed strong constituencies within the city.

These influences washed into municipal politics during the early and mid-1970s when three members of the local, progressive Human Rights Party (HRP) won city-council seats on the strength of the student vote. During their time on the council, HRP representatives fought for measures including pioneering antidiscrimination ordinances, measures decriminalizing marijuana possession, and a rent-control ordinance; many of these remain in effect in modified form.

Alongside these liberal and left-wing efforts, a small group of conservative institutions were born in Ann Arbor. These include Word of God (established in 1967), a charismatic inter-denominational movement of national scope; and the Thomas More Law Center (established in 1999), a leading religious-conservative advocacy group.

The economy of Ann Arbor underwent a gradual shift from a manufacturing base to a service and technology base during the 20th century, which accelerated in the 1970s and 1980s. At the same time, the downtown transformed from one dominated by retail establishments dealing in staple goods to one composed mainly of eateries, cafés, bars, clubs, and specialty shops. Over the past several decades, Ann Arbor has increasingly found itself grappling with the effects of sharply rising land values and gentrification, as well as urban sprawl stretching far into the outlying countryside. On November 4, 2003, voters approved a greenbelt plan under which the city government would buy development rights to pieces of land adjacent to Ann Arbor to preserve them from sprawling development. Since then, a vociferous local debate has hinged on whether, and how, to accommodate and guide development within city limits.

Population (year 2000): 114,024. Estimated population in July 2006: 113,206 (-0.7% change)
Males: 56,352 (49.4%)
Females: 57,672 (50.6%)

Washtenaw County

Median resident age: 28.1 years
Michigan median age: 35.5 years

Zip codes: 48103, 48104, 48105, 48108, 48109

Area code: 734

Estimated median household income in 2005: $45,798 (it was $46,299 in 2000)
Ann Arbor: $45,798
Michigan: $46,039

Estimated median house/condo value in 2005: $238,100 (it was $181,400 in 2000)
Ann Arbor: $238,100
Michigan: $149,300

Median gross rent in 2005: $891
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2005: 22.3%

Ancestries: German (19.8%), English (11.9%), Irish (11.2%), Polish (6.4%), Italian (4.7%), French (3.6%)

Land area: 27.0 square miles. Population density: 4197 people per square mile (average)

For population 25 years and over in Ann Arbor
High school or higher: 95.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher: 69.3%
Graduate or professional degree: 39.4%
Unemployed: 4.2%

Mean travel time to work: 18.8 minutes

For population 15 years and over in Ann Arbor city
Never married: 50.3%
Now married: 38.5%
Separated: 0.9%
Widowed: 3.2%
Divorced: 7.1%

18,905 residents are foreign born
This city: 16.6%
Michigan: 5.3%

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2005: $4,408 (1.8%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2005: $3,557 (1.7%)

Nearest city with pop. 200,000+: Toledo, OH (43.6 miles, pop. 313,619)

Nearest city with pop. 1,000,000+: Chicago, IL (272.4 miles, pop. 2,896,016)

Nearest cities: Barton Hills, MI (3.2 miles), Saline, MI (7.7 miles), Ypsilanti, MI (8.6 miles), Whitmore Lake, MI (10.0 miles), Dexter, MI (10.6 miles), Milan, MI (13.6 miles), South Lyon, MI (14.4 miles), Brighton, MI (17.7 miles)

Daytime population change due to commuting: +38,292 (+33.6%)
Workers who live and work in this city: 40,148 (66.7%)

Population change in the 1990s: +3,592 (+3.3%)

Unemployment in September 2007:
Here: 5.4%
Michigan: 7.0%

Full-time Law Enforcement Employees in 2006: 222 (155 officers)
Officers per 1,000 residents here: 1.37
US city average: 3.00

Hospitals/medical centers in Ann Arbor:
ST JOSEPH MERCY HOSPITAL (5301 E HURON RIVER DR)
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN HEALTH SYSTEM (1500 E MEDICAL CENTER DRIVE)

Other hospitals/medical centers near Ann Arbor:
SELECT SPECIALTY HOSPITAL-ANN ARBOR (about 9 miles; YPSILANTI, MI)
SAINT JOSEPH MERCY SALINE HOSPITAL (about 9 miles; SALINE, MI)
OAKWOOD HOSPITAL BEYER CENTER (about 12 miles; YPSILANTI, MI)

Airports certified for carrier operations nearest to Ann Arbor:
WILLOW RUN (about 16 miles; DETROIT, MI; ID: YIP)
DETROIT METROPOLITAN WAYNE COUNTY (about 28 miles; DETROIT, MI; ID: DTW)
OAKLAND COUNTY INTERNATIONAL (about 35 miles; PONTIAC, MI; ID: PTK)

Other public-use airports nearest to Ann Arbor:
ANN ARBOR MUNI (about 4 miles; ANN ARBOR, MI; ID: ARB)
SALINE (about 11 miles; SALINE, MI; ID: 2C3)
CACKLEBERRY (about 14 miles; DEXTER, MI; ID: 2E8)

Amtrak station:
ANN ARBOR (325 DEPOT ST.). Services: ticket office, fully wheelchair accessible, enclosed waiting area, public restrooms, public payphones, vending machines, paid short-term parking, paid long-term parking, taxi stand.

Local government website: www.ci.ann-arbor.mi.us

Colleges/Universities in Ann Arbor:
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN-ANN ARBOR (Full-time enrollment: 35,684; Public; Website: www.umich.edu; Offers Doctor's degree)
WASHTENAW COMMUNITY COLLEGE (FT enrollment: 5,436; Location: 4800 E HURON RIVER DR; Public; Website: www.wccnet.org)
CLEARY COLLEGE (FT enrollment: 599; Location: 3601 PLYMOUTH RD; Private, not-for-profit; Website: www.cleary.edu; Offers Master's degree)
CONCORDIA COLLEGE (FT enrollment: 541; Location: 4090 GEDDES RD; Private, not-for-profit; Website: www.ccaa.edu; Offers Master's degree)
ROSS MEDICAL EDUCATION CENTER (FT enrollment: 12; Location: 4703 WASHTENAW; Private, for-profit)
ACCESS INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS AND LANGUAGE INST (Location: 609 E LIBERTY STE 200; Private, for-profit)
CONLIN HALLISSEY TRAVEL SCHOOL INC (Location: 3270 WASHTENAW AVE; Private, for-profit; Website: www.travelstudent.com)
ANN ARBOR INSTITUTE OF MASSAGE THERAPY (Location: 2835 CARPENTER RD; Private, for-profit)
ANN ARBOR SCHOOL OF MASSAGE AND BODYWORK (Location: 1530 NORTHWOOD ST; Private, for-profit)
CAREERS IN TRAVEL (Location: 1133 BROADWAY; Private, for-profit)

Other colleges/universities with over 2000 students near Ann Arbor:
EASTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY (about 9 miles; YPSILANTI, MI; Full-time enrollment: 17,476)
MADONNA UNIVERSITY (about 27 miles; LIVONIA, MI; FT enrollment: 2,431)
SCHOOLCRAFT COLLEGE (about 28 miles; LIVONIA, MI; FT enrollment: 4,780)
HENRY FORD COMMUNITY COLLEGE (about 34 miles; DEARBORN, MI; FT enrollment: 6,572)
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN-DEARBORN (about 34 miles; DEARBORN, MI; FT enrollment: 5,574)
DAVENPORT UNIVERSITY-EASTERN REGION-DEARBORN (about 36 miles; DEARBORN, MI; FT enrollment: 2,247)
LAWRENCE TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY (about 38 miles; SOUTHFIELD, MI; FT enrollment: 2,479)

Public high schools in Ann Arbor:
PIONEER HIGH SCHOOL (Students: 2,700; Location: 601 W. STADIUM BOULEVARD; Grades: 09 - 12)
HURON HIGH SCHOOL (Students: 2,146; Location: 2727 FULLER ROAD; Grades: 09 - 12)
COMMUNITY HIGH SCHOOL (Students: 451; Location: 401 N. DIVISION STREET; Grades: 09 - 12)
WASHTENAW TECHNICAL MIDDLE COLLEGE (Students: 342; Location: 4800 E. HURON RIVER DR.; Grades: 10 - 12)
STONE HIGH SCHOOL (Students: 150; Location: 2800 STONE SCHOOL ROAD; Grades: 09 - 12)
STONE SCHOOL UNIFIED STUDIES (Students: 18; Location: 2800 STONE SCHOOL ROAD; Grades: 09 - 12)
O'BRIEN DAY TREATMENT (Students: 16; Location: 1819 S WAGNER RD; Grades: 07 - 12)

Private high schools in Ann Arbor:
GREENHILLS SCHOOL (Students: 508; Location: 850 GREENHILLS DRIVE; Grades: 6 - 12)
FR GABRIEL RICHARD HIGH SCHOOL (Students: 310; Location: 530 ELIZABETH STREET; Grades: 9 - 12)
RUDOLF STEINER SCHOOL (Students: 298; Location: 2775 NEWPORT RD; Grades: KG - 12)
MICHIGAN ISLAMIC ACADEMY (Students: 163; Location: 2301 PLYMOUTH ROAD; Grades: KG - 12)
CLONLARA SCHOOL (Students: 45; Location: 1289 JEWETT; Grades: 1 - 12)

Biggest public elementary/middle schools in Ann Arbor:
FIRST STEPS WASHTENAW (Students: 1,582; Location: 1819 S WAGNER RD; Grades: PK - PK)
SLAUSON MIDDLE SCHOOL (Students: 825; Location: 1019 W. WASHINGTON STREET; Grades: 06 - 08)
TAPPAN MIDDLE SCHOOL (Students: 820; Location: 2251 E. STADIUM BOULEVARD; Grades: 06 - 08)
FORSYTHE MIDDLE SCHOOL (Students: 721; Location: 1655 NEWPORT ROAD; Grades: 06 - 08)
CLAGUE MIDDLE SCHOOL (Students: 715; Location: 2616 NIXON ROAD; Grades: 06 - 08)
HIGH POINT SCHOOL (Students: 576; Location: 1735 S. WAGNER ROAD; Grades: UG - UG)
SCARLETT MIDDLE SCHOOL (Students: 550; Location: 3300 LORRAINE STREET; Grades: 06 - 08)
URIAH H. LAWTON SCHOOL (Students: 491; Location: 2250 S. 7TH STREET; Grades: KG - 05)
ANN ARBOR OPEN AT MACK SCHOOL (Students: 450; Location: 920 MILLER AVENUE; Grades: KG - 08)
HAISLEY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Students: 423; Location: 825 DUNCAN STREET; Grades: KG - 05)

Biggest private elementary/middle schools in Ann Arbor:
ST FRANCIS OF ASSISI SCHOOL (Students: 531; Location: 2270 EAST STADIUM BLVD; Grades: KG - 8)
ST PAUL LUTHERAN SCHOOL (Students: 320; Location: 495 EARHART; Grades: PK - 8)
ST THOMAS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (Students: 292; Location: 540 ELIZABETH STREET; Grades: KG - 8)
DAYCROFT MONTESSORI SCHOOL (Students: 195; Location: 100 E OAKBROOK; Grades: PK - 6)
GO LIKE THE WIND MONTESSORI SC (Students: 177; Location: 3540 DIXBORO LANE; Grades: PK - 7)
ANN ARBOR HILLS CHILD DEV CT (Students: 174; Location: 2775 BEDFORD ROAD; Grades: PK - 4)
SPIRITUS SANCTUS ACADEMY (Students: 108; Location: 2600 VIA SACRA; Grades: KG - 8)
HEBREW DAY SCH OF ANN ARBOR (Students: 102; Location: 2937 BIRCH HOLLOW DR; Grades: KG - 5)
ANN ARBOR CHRISTIAN SCHOOL (Students: 79; Location: 1717 BROADWAY; Grades: KG - 5)
DOUGHTY MONTESSORI SCHOOL (Students: 60; Location: 416 SOUTH ASHLEY ST; Grades: PK - KG)

Library in Ann Arbor:
ANN ARBOR DISTRICT LIBRARY (Operating income: $11,284,978; Location: 343 SOUTH FIFTH AVENUE; 407,244 books; 30,130 audio materials; 9,979 video materials; 1,021 serial subscriptions)

Ann Arbor has one of the highest per-capita rankings of churches vs. population in the United States.

Ann Arbor has one of the highest per-capita rankings of Book Stores vs. population in the United States.

Average household size:
This city: 2.2 people
Michigan: 2.6 people

Percentage of family households:
This city: 47.5%
Whole state: 68.0%

Percentage of households with unmarried partners:
This city: 4.8%
Whole state: 5.3%

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